Ngaba ikhakakhaka linceda nantoni na?

Sowthistle

Iprofayili yezondlo ze-Sowthistle

Iityebileyo kwii-acids eziyimfuneko kunye neemaminerali kunye nezondlo ezifana ne-zinc, i-manganese, ithusi, isinyithi, i-calcium kunye ne-fiber. Ukusetyenziswa kwayo ngokwemveli njengesithako kwizitya zasentwasahlobo ezidliwe ngenxa yempilo kunye namandla axhaswa ngumxholo ophezulu weevithamini A, B, C kunye ne-K.

Indlela yokuchonga nokusebenzisa ikhava, ukhula olufanelekileyo olunokutyiwa

I-SOWTHISTLE NJENGOKUTYA

Eyona ndawo ilungileyo yesityalo ngamagqabi amatsha, akrwada okanye aphekiweyo. Ziyakwaziukongeza kwiisaladi, ziphekwe njengesipinashi okanye zisetyenziswe kwiisobho njl. Ungasebenzisa kwakhona iziqu, eziphekwe njenge-asparagus okanye i-rhubarb. Incindi yobisi iye yasetyenziswa njengetshungama ngamaMaori aseNew Zealand.

Mde kangakanani ukhula lwehagu?

Iziqu ezikhulileyo zembewu zinokuvela kwi-30 cm ukuya kwi-2 m (1 ukuya kwi-6 ft)ubude, kuxhomekeke kwiintlobo kunye neemeko zokukhula. Umbala usukela koluhlaza ukuya komfusa kwizityalo ezindala.

Liliphi igama eliqhelekileyo likasonchus Asper?

spiny sow-thistle (spiny sow-thistle)

Uwutyala njani ukhula lwehagu?

Tyala imbewu yakho z intshi (5 mm.) nzulu nje emva kweqabaka yokugqibela kwindawo efumana ilanga elipheleleyo. Vuna iintloko zeentyatyambo kanye njengokuba iintyatyambo ziqala ukoma kwaye ipapa emhlophe (efana nedandelion) iqala ukumila endaweni yayo.

Thistle uyagula

Imingcipheko yeMpilo:Ityhefu encinci kubantu nakwimfuyo, ineempembelelo ezifanayo kwi-nicotine. Inkcazo: Imifuno engapheliyo eneentyantyambo eziluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka kunye namagqabi amancinci amancinci.

Ngaba ikhava lehagu liyahlasela?

I-Perennial sowthistle (kubandakanywa zombini iindidi ze-Sonchus arvensis ssp. arvensis kunye ne-ssp. uliginosus) yi-isityalo esihlaselayoeyingxaki kuwo wonke uMntla Melika.

Ingaba umthana wehagu ulungele izilwanyana zasendle?. Kukho imithana emibini ekhakakhaka ekhathaza abalimi kunye namafama: intyatyambo-emfusa, i-spiny-leaved Creeping Thistle, kunye ne-yellow-flowered Sow Thistle. Zombini zineengcambu ezomeleleyo, kwaye ziseta imbewu ngokumangalisayo ngokukhawuleza. Kodwabobabini banendima ebalulekileyo ekuxhaseni izilwanyana zasendle.

Emva koko, ngaba inkomo yehagu kunye nedandelion ziyafana?

Abantu abaninzi badla ngokubhidanisa isityalo esineentyatyambo kunye needandelions. IImbewu yembewu idla ngokuba neentyatyambo ezininzi ezintshula kwisiqu ngasinye. Amagqabi omkhabakhakhakhakhakhakhakhakhakhakhakhakhagamela bakhule baye phezulu kwisiqu, nakumazantsi esityalo.

I-Sonchus (i-sowthistle eqhelekileyo, i-hare’s Thistle, i-milky tassel, i-sowthistle

Enye yezona ntlobo zixhaphakileyo, i-spiny sowthistle, inemida yamagqabi aneprickly. Ngokwahlukileyo kwi-lettuce yasendle ( Lactuca spp. ),i-sowthistle ayinayo i-prickles kwi-middle-vein yamagqabi. Kwimozulu efudumeleyo, izityalo zibopha ukuya kwi-3 ukuya kwi-4 ubude kodwa zinokuba mfutshane. Iintyatyambo zityheli eliqaqambileyo.

Ngaba ikhava lehagu liyafana nentunja yobisi?

IiThe Sow Thistles ngamanye amaxesha ngempazamo zibizwa ngokuba yiMilk Thistles ukusuka kwincindi yobisi ezikuzo; i-Milk Thistle yenyani, nangona kunjalo, isityalo esihluke kakhulu(bona i-THITLES). Igama lesiLatini leentlobo, oleraceus, libhekisela ekusebenziseni olu khula lubekwe njengemifuno enqabileyo.

Kwaye ukongeza ulwazi, isonchus asper iyatyiwa?

I-Sonchus asper ivela eYurophu, kuMntla Afrika, nakwintshona ye-Asia. Ikwaye yenziwa ngokwendalo kwamanye amazwekazi kwaye ithathwa njengokhula oluyingozi, oluhlaselayo kwiindawo ezininzi. Amagqabi ayo atyekayo enza imifuno enamagqabi amnandi kwaye anomsoco.

Ngaphaya koko, ingaba imivundla ingawutya umthana wemazi?

Imivundla inokutya iprickly thistle (Onopordum acanthium), ungandibuzi ukuba bayilawula njani – andifuni ukuyihlafuna, kodwaukuze kube lula ukuyichola ndingacebisa ihagu eligudileyo (Sonchus oleraceus) endaweni yoko.

Ngaba ikhava lehazi lineempawu zonyango?

I-Sonchus oleraceus ineempawu ezininzi zonyango ezifana ne-Antidepressant, i-Antinociceptive, i-Anxiolytic, i-Antioxidant, i-Antimicrobial, i-Antitumor, i-Antimalarial, i-blood purifier, i-hepatic, i-sedative, i-febrifuge, i-tonic, i-Anti-inflammatory, i-Anticancer njl. .

Kwaye hlwayela ukhula

Ziyakwaziukunqunyulwa nge-whip, i-mower okanye i-metal bladed hand toolkodwa ziyakwazi ukuhluma, kwaye ukusika okuphindaphindiweyo kuya kufuneka. Amagqabi abanzi wolu didi ayenza ibe sesichengeni kunyango ngemichiza yokutshabalalisa ukhula enokuthi ibulale isityalo phezulu, kodwa izityalo ezomeleleyo zinokuntshula.

Ngoko ke, kufuneka ndiyihlwayele nini imbewu yesihlahla?

UKUTYALA: Imbewu ethe ngqo (kucetyiswa): Hlwayela imbewuekuqaleni kwentwasahlobo okanye ekwindla kade, malunga nembewu ye-4 ngenyawo. Imbewu ifuna ukukhanya ukuze intshule, ngoko ke yigqume kancinci ngomhlaba. Izithuba zokugqibela zezityalo kufuneka zibe yi-24-36″ kwimiqolo eyi-3′ ngaphandle njengoko zikhula ngokukhawuleza ukuya kubukhulu obukhulu.

Uyisebenzisa njani isonchus Asper?

I-Sonchus asperityiwa iphekwe kwaye iluhlaza kwii saladie-Afrika, eMadagascar (Grubben & Denton, 2004) nakwiMeditera (Leonti et al., 2006) Iingcambu zayo, isiqu, amagqabi, ijusi, i-latex okanye i-latex. Isityalo esipheleleyo sikwasetyenziselwa ukunyanga iintlobo ezininzi zeemeko, izifo kunye nezifo.

Okukhokelela ekubeni: kutheni ibizwa ngokuba yimazi yehagu?. Yafumana igama elithi Sow Thistle kwinto yokubaxa usikiwe isityalo sikhupha i-latex efana nobisi ekukholelwa ukuba inceda ukuncancisa kwiimazi ezizalayo. Isetyenziswe njengefula kwizilwanyana ezininzi, ngakumbi imivundla kunye neehagu.

Kakade ke, ngaba isityalo somthi singonyaka okanye sihlala sihleli?

Perennial sow-thistle Profile

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Ikhula njani ikhakakhaka?

I-Dispersal: I-sowthistle eqhelekileyo ivelisa kwaye isasazwayimbewu esasazwa ngumoya. Imbewu engaphezulu ihlala ixesha elifutshane kodwa imbewu engcwatyiweyo iya kuhlala iminyaka emibini ukuya kwemithathu. Zimbalwa iimbewu eziya kuntshula ukuba zingcwatywe ubunzulu obungaphezulu kwe-2 cm.

Ngaloo nto, i-9 yokhula emva kwendlu eyenza ukuphatha kakuhle kwiintaka zezilwanyana. Imbewu yenkomo (Sonchus oleraceus)

Isihlahla sokhula, esikwaziwa ngokuba yi-milk thistle, sinamagqabi aluhlaza, athambileyo kakhulu xa siselula. UIintaka ziyakunandipha ukutya nayiphi na indawo ye-milk thistle kuquka amagqabi, iziqu kunye neengcambu.

Ngale nto, uyenza njani inkunzane yehagu?.

Emva koko, ngaba i-perennial khalakakha iyahlasela?

I-perennial sow-thistle kudala ilukhula olundlongo-ndlongo lwezolimo, kodwainokuhlasela iindawo zendalo neziphazamisekileyo.

Ngaba imazi-thistle yinzalelwane yaseMinnesota?

Ngokwemvelo, isityalo sembewu yesityalo sikhangeleka kakhulu njenge-lettuce yaseCanada, kodwa eso sityalo sineentyatyambo ezincinci, ezincinci. Ezinye iinkunzane zehazi nazo zineentyatyambo ezincinci. Kukho iindidi ezimbini zezityalo zehagu. Bobabini bakhona eMinnesota.

Ke, liliphi ixesha lonyaka apho imithana ityatyamba?. Imbonakalo. Iingcambu ezinabileyo zithetha ukuba imithana enamagqabi ayimithana emikhulu kunye nezikhondo ezidubulayo ezisuka kwi-30cm-1m (1ft-3zft) ngobude ingakumbi kumathafa engca. Iintyatyambo ezimnyama ze-pinky-purple eziqhelekileyo zentsapho ye-thistle zithwalwaJulayi ukuya kuSeptemba.

Yintoni enokuyenza ngamakhakakhaka emva kokutyatyamba?

Ukuthena kunye nokunyamekela i-thistle

Sika iintyatyambo ezibunayo njengoko zifa kwaye usike isityalo emva kwexesha elifutshane kakhulu ekwindla. Ngexesha lasehlotyeni, kubalulekile ukunkcenkceshela xa kukho imbalela eyandisiweyo.

Ingaba imithana enameva ihlala ixesha elingakanani?

Iintyatyambo ezinkulu ze-spiky zivela ekuqaleni kwehlobo kwaye zihlalaukuya kwiiveki ze-8. Zizinto ezingapheliyo, ngoko ke izityalo ziya kwenza amaqabane egadi ahlala ixesha elide kunye nemikhwa eqinile kunye nokunyamekela okuncinci kwehlabathi. Iintyatyambo zeglobhu zethistle zigqame ngokukhethekileyo kwaye zidubula ukuya kuthi ga kwii-intshi ezi-2 (5 cm.)

Ingaba ihagu lettuce yasendle?

Ikhala lobisi

Ngokomlando, abantu baye basebenzisa ubisi lwe-milk thistleukuphazamiseka kwesibindi kunye neengxaki ze-gallbladder. I-milk thistle ikhuthazwa njengesondlo sokutya kwi-hepatitis, i-cirrhosis, i-jaundice, isifo seswekile, ukungagayeki, kunye nezinye iimeko.

Ngaba iihagu zitya imithana enameva?

Ngethamsanqaiihagu nazo ziyawathanda amakhakakhaka kwaye zibonakala zingenangxaki ngala meva. Zitya amakhakakhaka phezulu, phezulu ukuya ezantsi, nokugrumba neengcambu. Isiphumo kukuba akukho khula emasimini apho iihagu zityela khona.

Liliphi igama eliqhelekileyo leentlobo ze-Sonchus?

Ngaba amabhabhathane ayayithanda imithana?. I-Courtesy PatriciaIzityalo zasebusika kwintsapho ye-thistle zikhanga amabhabhathane amaninzikuquka i-swallowtails.

Ingaba ubisi lunetyhefu ezinjeni?. Iziphumo ezibi zobisi lwe-Milk Thistle kwizinja

sI-Silymarin ikhuselekile ngokubanzi ukunika izinja,” utsho u-Summers. Kwidosi ephezulu, i-silymarin inokubangela urhudo ezinjeni. Ukuba inja yakho ifumana isifo sohudo emva kokunika esi songezelelo, thetha nogqirha wezilwanyana zesilwanyana sakho malunga nendlela osabela ngayo ngaphambi kokuba usinike kwakhona.

Ngaba ameva anetyhefu anetyhefu?

Isenokubonakala iyingozi, kodwaayiyotyhefu. Enyanisweni, inesiqu esityiwayo.

Ungayomisa ikhava lehagu?

Ingaba ufuna ukomisa i-thistle kwiinzuzo zonyango okanye iiprojekthi zokwenza,i-thistle isityalo esilula ukugcina ngokumisa umoya. Imithana eneentyantyambo zelavenda ezifuze zilungele ukulondolozwa kuba iintyatyambo zigcina imilo yazo emva kokuba izikhondo zomile. Sebenzisa isikere ukususa amagqabi kwisiqu somthi.

ingaba iihagu zehagu zingawutya umthana wemazi?. Ihagu yaseGuinea eDala

Isityalo esifana neso sohlobo lwe-dandalion, sinokuphazamana ne-Thistle (ekwayikhuselekile ukutyiswa). Amagqabi aphuke kancinane emiphethweni. Ukonwabele okutsha – akulula ukuwomisa ngaphandle kokuba uthatha amagqabi.

Ungathanda kwakhona

Uphawu olungundoqo – Amagqabi ayamenyezela kwaye ajijekile – Iinwele ezincinci ezityheli ezityheli kwihlumelo elidubulayo kunye neentyatyambo. – I-Rhizomes – Izityalo ze-overwinter njengeengcambu ezityebileyo – Iintyatyambo ezinkulu kuneintlobo zonyaka ezinzulu tyheli
Ishedi yembewu Julayi -Okthobha

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